Second grade is a time of social, emotional, and cognitive growth. As children gain confidence in their abilities, they develop a greater sense of independence. They are more willing to take risks. Their peer relationships become increasingly important and their circle of friends broadens. Second graders begin to solve problems without adult intervention and assume greater responsibility for their actions. As expectations increase, students realize the need for structure and self-discipline. Better organizational habits begin to develop. Students are also more observant and “tuned in” to the world around them. Their ability to make connections and to relate one concept or idea to another gradually evolves. In second grade, an effort is made to integrate curricular themes, providing opportunities for students to make connections and relate ideas. The goal for the school year is to have all second graders become excited about learning and to view their learning as an engaging, fun experience.